Survey Report: Haiciin Village, Chin State


TABLES OF CONTENT

  1. Foreword
  2. Introduction
    1. Objectives
    2. Data Input & Processing
  3. Dedication
  4. Result
    1. Living Conditions
      1. Village Characteristics
      2. Economy & Infrastructure 
      3. Access to Facilities
      4. Access to Education
      5. Land & Irrigation
      6. Forestry
      7. Migration
    2. Socio-economic Conditions
      1. Characteristics of Respondents
      2. Interests
      3. Migration
      4. News Source
      5. Ideal State Leader
      6. Role of Women in Politics
      7. Association Participation
      8. Decision-making in Family Culture
      9. Health
      10. Toilet
      11. Income Sources
      12. Fiancial Balance
      13. Home Variables
      14. First Need for the Village
      15. Environmental Maintainance
      16. Vision
      17. People or Land
      18. Village Development Condition
  5. Citation
  6. Copyright & License
  7. Download
  8. Acitivity Photo Gallery

1. FOREWORD
     Research Survey in Haiciin Village, Chin State was implemented by the 2016-2017 Siamsin Executive Committee (SEC) of Zomi Students Association – Universities of Myanmar (commonly known as Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna – Universities of Myanmar).
     First, Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna – Universities of Myanmar wishes to acknowledge many Zomi students, doctors, dentists, and nurses who participated in “7th Siamsin Medical Trip & 8th Siamsin Summit to Haiciin Village” on April 13-17, 2016 and contributed substantially to the success of the survey. Second, we would like to express our gratitude to local authorities of Haiciin Village for granting permission to implement the survey in the village.
     Personally, I am highly indebted to Lia Zam Khan Lun (Lun Bawi), the Executive of Communication & Fundraising of Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna - Universities of Yangon (2015-2016) for his full assistant support of oral input data translation. My thanks and appreciation also go to Lia Niang San Cing (San Nu), the Chairman of Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna - Universities of Myanmar (2016-2017) for her inital analog survey data digitalization.
     Finally, we are grateful to the survey respondents in Haiciin Village who generously gave their time to provide the information that forms the basis of this report.

     Tg. Cing Sian Dal (Dalpi)
     Secretary of Research & Development Department (2016-2017)
     Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna – Universities of Myanmar 


2. INTRODUCTION
     Research Survey in Haiciin Village, Chin State was implemented by the 2015-2016 Siamsin Executive Committee (SEC) of Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna – Universities of Myanmar (ZSK-UM). 
     Data collection took place on April 14, 2017. Survey of living conditions - village questionnaire was asked to the village headman on April 16, 2017. Initial analog digitalization took place on the whole month of September 2017. Oral data translation took place on March 1, 2018. Analysis took place on 26-30 March2018. Writing took place from March 3, 2018 to March 30, 2018.


2.1. OBJECTIVES
     Annually, Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna – Universities of Myanmar make programs for Medical Care and Ethnic Research in a selected village in Chin State. For the years of 2016 and 2017, the site chosen was Haciin Village.
    The primary objective of Ethnic Research Survey in Haiciin Village is to provide estimates of basic values and networks of religion, politics, personality, organization, education, migration, interests, media, rural demand and vision.
    The information collected through this survey is intended to assist independent or dependent researchers, developers and program managers in designing and evaluating programs and strategies for the development of Chin State (Zogam) and Chin People (Zomi).


2.2. DATA INPUT & PROCESSING
     To ensure data correction, triple entry of data was carried out for easy comparison, identification of errors and inconsistencies and checked by using Diff3. Data are saved as Comma Separated Values (CSV).
     Relation network between data is analyzed by Gephi Software. Required node lists and edge lists between data are generated by using csv-to-nodelist and Gephi Plugin. Data is also analyzed by Structured Query Language (SQL).

3. DEDICATION
     This report is dedicated to my friends of Siamsin.

4. RESULT
4.1. LIVING CONDITIONS
4.1.1. VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS
     Haiciin Village is located in Tonzang (Myoe) township, Chin State, Myanmar. Its neighbouring villages are Sekpi village 3½ miles far (South), Tualkhiang village 4½ miles far (North), Tuivialzang village 8 miles far (East) and Suangbeem village 7 miles far (West).
    The most recent number of households in the village is 250 estimated in 2016. The population has grown more people over the past 10 years.
 
4.1.2. ECONOMY & INFRASTRUCTURE
     The primary source of livelihood for households in the village is own farming activities, followed by cattle breeding and migrating work. Approximately 10% of households in the village have significant off-farm source of livelihood.
     The village is not electrified. Zero percentage of household has been used electric power.
     The two most common sources of drinking water as a whole are handpump and ponds, canals, stream. There was shortage of water in January, February, March, April, and December.
     The village has been accessible to road for 2 years. However, the road is hard to be accessible to vehicles on May, June, July, August, September and October.

4.1.3. ACCESS TO FACILITIES
    There is no facilities of clinic, hospital, shops, Telenor network, Ooredoo network, and MPT network.

4.1.4. ACCESS TO EDUCATION
    Basic Education Primary School (operating in 2013) and Basic Education High School (operating in 2012) are present in the village. Approximately 122 male and 152 female students are presently enrolled in the schools. 45% of boys and 56% of girls of primary age (6-10 years) in this village are enrolled in school.
    The main schooling problems are access to electricity, daily bread, school uniform, health and lunch.

4.1.5. LAND & IRRIGATION
     Agricultural lands suffer from rough rain (<25%) and rough wind (<25%).

4.1.6. FORESTRY
    The most commonly used cooking fuel for households in this village are firewood and coal. There is a forest near the village far about 15 minutes walk. Over the past 5 years, the forest has grown more trees. The people in the village collect firewoods.

4.1.7. MIGRATION
     About 200-300 people who are between 15 and 50 years old in the village has out-migrated to foreign countries (Malaysia, Thailand, India, USA). About 10-20 people between 26 and 50 years old comes temporarily to the village for collecting firewood.


4.2. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
4.2.1. CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONDENTS
     Haiciin villagers (N=180, male=43, female=136, NA=1) were asked.

 AGE   MEN   WOMEN   TOTAL 
Children (0-14) 4 4 8
Early (15-24) 5 26 32
Prime (25-54) 23 81 104
Mature (55-64) 8 15 23
Elderly (65+) 3 10 13
No Response
Gender 43 136 1
Occupation MEN WOMEN  UNKNOWN SEX
Job 10 20
No Job 31 114  1
Searching Job 2 2
Education MEN WOMEN UNKNOWN SEX
Primary Education 13 44
Middle Education 14 24 1
High Education 11 32
Graduated 4 4
No schooling 0 30
No Response 1 2


4.2.2. EDUCATION 
    Most respondents (96%, N=173) considered that education is more significant than wealth. Most of them (98%, N=177) think that minimum education standard for today youths should need to finish basic high education (Standard 10).

 0-14   15-24   25-54   55-64   65+ 
Enthusiasm
Doctor 6 3 21 4 3
Teacher 0 3 15 1 0
Theology 0 5 9 1 0
Any Education 0 3 4 0 2
Education College 0 4 3 0 0
Computer 0 2 4 1 0
Loom Weaving 0 0 5 0 1
Music 0 1 3 1 0
Engineering 0 0 3 2 0
Burmese 0 0 5 0 0
Nurse 0 1 2 0 1
English 0 1 2 0 1
Law 0 0 3 0 0
Any College 0 1 1 1 0
Basic Education 0 1 2 0 0
Zolai (Tedim Language) 0 0 2 0 0
Technological University 0 2 0 0 0
Obstetrics & Gynecology 0 0 1 1 0
Mechanical Engineering 0 0 2 0 0
Kalay University 1 0 1 0 0
Soldier 0 1 0 0 0
Psychology 0 0 1 0 0
History 0 0 0 1 0
Economics 0 0 1 0 0
Driver 1 0 0 0 0
Writing 0 0 0 1 0
Hospital Medicine 0 0 1 0 0
Home Decoration 0 0 1 0 0
Home Care 0 1 0 0 0

4.2.3. MIGRATION
     Most villagers (57.22%, N=103) have decided to settle down in the village.

COUNT
Haiciin 103
Kalay 44
Plain 17
Tedim 7
Yangon 4
Foreign 2
Cikkha 1
Tamu 1
Conditional 1

4.2.4. NEWS SOURCE
     Zo Aw (N=48) and Tedim Post (N=36) are the main sources of news in the village.

News Source Impression Count
Zo Aw 48
Tedim Post 36
Telephone 32
TV  25
Internet 23
People (Chitchat, Communication) 23
Church Pamphlet 19
Zomi Times 17
Zingsol 12
Radio 11
ZYA 4
Government-owed Newspaper 3
Journal (Burmese) 3

4.3.5. IDEAL STATE LEADER
     72 person (51.11%, NA=3) thinks that their ideal leader type for the State should be patriot.

Ideal Leader Type Count
Patriot 92
Educated, Honest, Experienced 45
Religious 22
Religious & Patriot 9
Patriot & Educated, Honest, Experienced 8
Religious & Educated, Honest, Experienced 1
No Response 3

4.2.6. ROLE OF WOMEN IN POLITICS
     Most respondents (95.55%, N=172, NA=1) believe that the role of women is significant in politics.

Political Involvement  Count 
Strengthen 172
Discourage 7
No Answer 1

4.2.7. ASSOCIATION PARTICIPATION
     71 of 180 persons responded that they join in a society but 67 described the name of organization they participated.

Organization Name Count
Zomi Youth Association 15
Women Fellowship 14
United Nation Development Programme 11
Siamsin 6
Church 4
Youth Fellowship 2
Grape 2
SRG 2
Administration 1
CHW 1
GDC 1
HCF 1
HCYA 1
HWS 1
Tual Pi Veng 1
Zomus 1
Laizom Itna 1
MCC (Marie Stop) 1
Children Household 1
Money Saving 1
Money Loan 1
Tun Zuun 1
Health Committee 1
No Answer (Person) 113


4.3.8. DECISION-MAKING CULTURE
     There is more no right for decision-making (N=71, 39.44%, NA=47) than full right for decision-making (N=61, 33.88%, NA=47) in family culture.

Decision-Making Authority in Family  Male   Female   Total 
Yes 25 36 61
No 12 59 71
No Answer 6 41 47

4.3.9. HEALTH
     Most respondents (45.00%, N=81) take medication as prescribed by surroundings whom seem to know about medicine when they are sick.

When sick  COUNT 
As prescribed by surroundings 81
Hospital 38
Self-treatment at home 20
Clinic 13
Seft-treatment (and) Hospital 5
Seft-treatment (and) Clinic 1
Seft-treatment (and) As prescribed by surroundings 1
Hospital (and) Clinic 1
Hospital (and) As prescribed by surroundings 17
Clinic (and) As prescribed by surroundings 3

    The most unhealthy symptom in their family members is related to nervous system.

Unhealthy Symptoms  Count 
Nervous 91
Intestinal 93
Hypertension 36
Tuberculosis 29
Diabetes Mellitus 15
Hepatic 7
Back pain 3
Cardiac 3
Dizziness 4
Chest 3
Ophthalmic 4
Headache 2
Fatigue 1
Vitamin Deficiency 1
Fever 1
Mental Illness 1
Arthritis 1
Cough 1
Itching 1
Renal Stone 1
Poor eyesight 1
Swelling 1
Diarrhea 1
Disabled 1
Aural Pain 1

4.3.10. TOILET
     Most persons (56.11%, N=101) use Latrine while 71 persons (39.44%) use Pit Latrine. 8 persons (4.44%) uses no toilet system.
Toilet Type  COUNT 
Latrine 101
Pit Latrine 71
No Toilet 8
4.2.11. INCOME SOURCES
     Their incomes comes from farming followed by monthly salary, their family members from remote areas and foreign.
 COUNT 
Farming 154
Monthly Salary 34
Remote area (outside the village) 23
Foreign area 4

4.2.12. FINANCIAL BALANCE
     Their financial status is mostly in insufficient condition (71.11%, N=128) and only a few (3.88%, N=7) can save more from their income.

 COUNT 
Sufficient44
Insufficient128
Save more
7

4.2.13. HOME VARIABLES
    Solar is the most common object in their house.
 COUNT 
Solar 139
Handphone 68
Motor Cycle 58
Phone 48
TV/DVD/EVD/VCD 44
Radio 17
Bicycle 7
Nothing 1

4.2.14. FIRST NEED FOR THE VILLAGE
    In multiple selections of their first need for the village, water is chosen.

 COUNT 
Water 146
Hospital 53
Electricity 41
Road 18
School/University 17
Telecom Network 15
Education 1
Deveopment 1
Livelihood 1
4.2.15. ENVIRONMENTAL MAINTANACE
     More persons (62.77%, N=113, NA=1) have grown a tree over the past 5 years.

Over the past 5 years   COUNT  
Grown a tree 113
Not grown a tree 66
No Answer 1
4.2.16. VISION
     129 persons (71.66%,NA=1) has vision while 37 persons (20.55%, NA=1) has not. 13 person (7.22%, NA=1) has not a clear vision. 
     When they were asked the level of their vision to achieve by these following answers:
  1. I will try till the vision is completed - as High Level
  2. It may be difficult but I will try - as Middle Level
  3. I think it is not possible anymore - as Low Level
     Most (35.55%, N=64, NA=28) are in middle level.

  COUNT  
Has a vision 129
No vision 37
No clear vision 13
No Answer 1
VISION LEVEL MALE   FEMALE     TOTAL  
High 23 49 52
Middle 14 49 64
Low 3 33 36
No Answer 3 25 28

4.2.17. PEOPLE OR THE STATE
     People are asked which is more important between Zomi (People) and Zogam (the State). Most people (76.11%, N=137) believe that developing the State matters more than the people (22.77%, N=41).

  COUNT  
Zogam > Zomi 137 
Zomi > Zogam 41 
Zomi = Zogam

4.2.18. VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT CONDITION
     92.22% persons (N=166, NA=1) respond that the village has been developing comparing to 3 years ago. 5.55% (N=10, NA=1) feel the same as the last 3 years. 1.66% (N=3, NA=1) see no development within the village.
     The most commonly found developed in multiple-selection is road followed by safe livelihood and education.

  COUNT  
Road 150 
Livelihood 63 
Education 62 
Health 27
Ethnics 23
Electricity 14
Politics 9
House 5
Religion 1
Communication 1
Love 1
Motor Cycle 1
Secular 1

5. CITATION 
     The article should be cited as follow:

Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna - Universities of Myanmar (2018, March 30). Tiny Analysis Report: Ethnic Research in Guasing Village, Chin State. Retrieved March 30, 2018, from https://www.open3905.org/2018/03/haiciin-village-chin-state.html

6. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
   
     The article and data are copyrighted by Zomi Siamsin Kipawlna - Universities of Myanmar and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

7. DOWNLOAD
  1. Survey Form Sample at https://imgur.com/a/jtsWY
  2. Survey of Living Conditions, Village Questionnaire at https://imgur.com/a/eAwty
  3. Answers Sheet SQLite Database at http://storage.myanmarbs.org/dalpi/haiciin-research/haiciin.db


8. ACTIVITY PHOTOS
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